When I first started telling stories to children (as opposed to reading them from a story book) I worked way too hard. I would try to memorize the story with the effort of a Shakespearean actor learning lines for Hamlet. But storytelling isn’t the same as learning a script. It’s looser, it changes, improvisations and deviations are okay.
Pre-literary people had a lot of little tricks to cheat and help them remember the story. For instance, all those repititions of “rosy-fingered dawn” in the Odyssey? They were actually pauses to help the storyteller get his bearings to remember what was coming next. While the audience enjoyed a few lines of lovely singing, the storyteller was taking a mental coffee break.
Fairy tales also use repitition, and it’s not just because children love it. In the fairytale Donkey Skin, the princess buys time to wriggle out of a marriage with her incestuous father by asking first for a dress the color of weather, then a dress the color of the moon, then a dress the color of the sun. The repitions give structure to the storyteller and help her remember what is coming next.
My own trick that I like the best is not only repitition, but something tangible- using a Native American story bag.
“The Iroquis storyteller or Hage’ota carried a bag full of items that acted as mnemoic devices- each item represented a story. The Hage’ota, or perhaps a chid in the audience, would pull an item out the bag, the item would be shown to the people and the story would begin. ” -Michael Caduto and Joseph Bruchac, Keepers of the Animals.
I adapted this idea a little because I need more help remembering! Sometimes I will fill a little bag with something simple, like three little objects. If I were telling “Frog Creates Rain” I might put in my bag:
A pebble, for First Woman
A bit of sponge, for Frog
A feather, for Crane
Holding these objects as I tell the story helps me remember. When I hold the pebble, I remember First Woman, and so on. When I know the story very well, I can involve the children by letting them choose and hold objects from the story bag.
Anything to help remember!